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Learning Resource Type

Classroom Resource

The Andes Mountains

Subject Area

English Language Arts




The teacher will present an informational text from the website, ReadWorks. The students and teacher can interact with this non-fiction text by annotating the text digitally. The students will answer the questions associated with the article as an assessment. This learning activity can be used to provide information regarding geologic events that happen over a long period of time, serve as reinforcement after students have already learned this concept, or be used as an assessment at the conclusion of a lesson. This activity could provide background information to students before they create models to identify physical features of Earth, such as mountain ranges. 

    English Language Arts (2021) Grade(s): 2


    Orally answer who, what, when, where, why, and how questions about a text or conversation, using complete sentences to provide key ideas and details.

    Unpacked Content



    • Orally
    • Who, what, when where, why, and how questions
    • Complete sentences
    • Key ideas
    • Key details


    Students know:
    • Key ideas and details should be included when answering questions.
    • Complete sentences, which contain a subject and a predicate, should be used when answering questions.
    • Who, when, and where questions will have a concrete, objective answer.
    • What, why, and how questions may have a more abstract, subjective answer.


    Students are able to:
    • Orally answer questions about a text or conversation using complete sentences that provide information about key ideas and details.
    • Orally answer who, what, when, where, why, and how questions about a text or conversation with appropriate key ideas and details.


    Students understand that:
    • When answering who, what, when, where, why, and how questions they should provide key ideas and details from a text or conversation to demonstrate their comprehension.
    • Speaking in complete sentences helps them clearly communicate their message and their understanding.
    Science (2015) Grade(s): 2


    Make observations from media to obtain information about Earth’s events that happen over a short period of time (e.g., tornados, volcanic explosions, earthquakes) or over a time period longer than one can observe (e.g., erosion of rocks, melting of glaciers).

    Unpacked Content



    • Earth events/natural phenomena
    • Earthquake
    • Flood
    • Tornado
    • Volcanic explosions
    • Glaciers
    • Erosion
    • Landslides
    • Weathering


    Students know:
    • Earth events and the results of those events may occur slowly or rapidly.
    • Some events are much longer than can be observed.


    Students are able to:
    • Make observations and obtain information from multiple sources to provide evidence about Earth events.


    Students understand that:
    • Eart's events may change the Earth slowly or rapidly.

    Scientific and Engineering Practices

    Obtaining, Evaluating, and Communicating Information

    Crosscutting Concepts

    Stability and Change
    Science (2015) Grade(s): 2


    Create models to identify physical features of Earth (e.g., mountains, valleys, plains, deserts, lakes, rivers, oceans).

    Unpacked Content



    • Physical features
    • Models
    • Mountains
    • Valleys
    • Plains
    • Deserts
    • Lakes
    • Rivers
    • Oceans


    Students know:
    • The physical features of Earth can be modeled, as on a map.
    • The relationship between components their model and kinds of land and bodies of water in a given area.


    Students are able to:
    • Create a model that represents both land and bodies of water in an area.
    • Make connections between their model and the shapes and kinds of land and water in an area.


    Students understand that:
    • Models can represent patterns in the natural world like the shapes and kinds of land and bodies of water in an area.

    Scientific and Engineering Practices

    Developing and Using Models

    Crosscutting Concepts

    Link to Resource

    CR Resource Type

    Learning Activity

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    Resource Provider other


    Audio resources: includes a transcript or subtitles

    License Type