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Learning Resource Type

Classroom Resource

Robots 3D Activity Kit Guide

Subject Area



3, 4


This Robots 3D Activity Guide includes instructions on how to compile materials to create your own robotics kit. It uses hands-on activities that we use every day and easily found items. Customize your kit to fit particular grades, education standards, or topics, such as electricity and circuits; actuators, mobility and sensors; simple machines and gears; programming and operation; and real-world application.

    Science (2015) Grade(s): 3


    Apply scientific ideas about magnets to solve a problem through an engineering design project (e.g., constructing a latch to keep a door shut, creating a device to keep two moving objects from touching each other such as a maglev system).*

    Unpacked Content



    • Magnet
    • Properties
    • Engineering Design Process (Ask, Imagine, Plan, Create, Improve)
    • Attract
    • Repel
    • Forces


    Students know:
    • Magnetic forces between a pair of objects do not require that the objects be in contact with each other.
    • The sizes of the forces in a magnetic situation depend on the properties of the objects, the distances apart, and their orientation relative to each other.


    Students are able to:
    • Define a problem that can be solved with magnets.
    • Apply scientific ideas about magnets.
    • Solve a problem with scientific ideas about magnets through an engineering design project.


    Students understand that:
    • Scientific discoveries about the natural world, such as magnets, can often lead to new and improved technologies, which are developed through the engineering design process.

    Scientific and Engineering Practices

    Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions
    Science (2015) Grade(s): 4


    Design, construct, and test a device that changes energy from one form to another (e.g., electric circuits converting electrical energy into motion, light, or sound energy; a passive solar heater converting light energy into heat energy).*

    Unpacked Content



    • criteria
    • constraint
    • energy
    • device
    • convert
    • design
    • construct
    • kinetic
    • potential
    • transform
    • evidence
    • engineering design process
    • ask
    • imagine
    • plan
    • create
    • improve


    Students know:
    • Energy can be transferred from place to place by electric currents.


    Students are able to:
    • Use scientific knowledge to generate design solutions that convert energy from one form to another.
    • Describe the given criteria and constraints of the design, which include the following:
      • The initial and final forms of energy.
      • Describe how the solution functions to transfer energy from one form to another.
    • Evaluate potential solutions in terms of the desired features.
    • Modify the design solutions to make them more effective.


    Students understand that:
    • Energy can be transferred in various ways and between objects.
    • Engineers improve existing technologies or develop new ones but are limited by available resources.

    Scientific and Engineering Practices

    Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions

    Crosscutting Concepts

    Energy and Matter
    Link to Resource

    CR Resource Type

    Learning Activity

    Resource Provider

    National Geographic

    License Type