Work in Progress
Please pardon our progress while we refine the look and functionality of our new ALEX site! You can still access the old ALEX site at If you would like to share feedback or have a question for the ALEX Team, you can use the contact form here, or email us directly at

Learning Resource Type

Classroom Resource

Solid, Liquid,Gas

Subject Area

Arts Education


2, 3


Students will review states of matter - solids, liquids, and gases.  They will compare states of matter to theme and variations in music.  They will listen to Turkish March by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and identify the theme and variations.    

    Science (2015) Grade(s): 2


    Conduct an investigation to describe and classify various substances according to physical properties (e.g., milk being a liquid, not clear in color, assuming shape of its container, mixing with water; mineral oil being a liquid, clear in color, taking shape of its container, floating in water; a brick being a solid, not clear in color, rough in texture, not taking the shape of its container, sinking in water).

    Unpacked Content



    • Solid
    • Liquid
    • Physical Properties
    • Investigate
    • Classify
    • Opaque
    • Transparent
    • Translucent
    • Rough
    • Smooth
    • Float
    • Sink
    • Shape
    • Various
    • Substances
    • Conduct
    • Describe


    Students know:
    • Different kinds of matter exists.
    • Properties of both solids (opaque, transparent, translucent, rough, smooth, float, sink, has its own shape) and liquids (color, assumes shape of container, opaque, transparent, translucent).
    • Many types of matter can be either solid or liquid, depending on temperature.


    Students are able to:
    • Plan and conduct an investigation to produce data that is used to describe and classify substances according to physical properties.


    Students understand that:
    • Observable patterns in the properties of materials provide evidence to classify the different kinds of materials.

    Scientific and Engineering Practices

    Planning and Carrying out Investigations

    Crosscutting Concepts

    Arts Education (2017) Grade(s): 3 - Music


    Demonstrate and describe how a response to music can be informed by its structure, the use of the elements of music, and context.

    Unpacked Content



    • Bar lines
    • Measures
      • Melody
        • Pitch set: Low So, Low La, High Do
        • Treble clef reading (Mi, Re, Do)
        • Middle C to high G
        • Ledger lines
        • Partner songs
        • Rounds
        • Ostinati
        • Theme and variations
        • Coda
        • D.S. al coda
        • Repeat sign
        • Fermata
        • Phrase/ phrasing
        • Pianissimo (pp), fortissimo (ff)
        • Age-appropriate audience and performer etiquette
        • Orchestral instruments: 4 families
        • Age-appropriate pitch matching (Bb3 - Eb5)

    Essential Questions

    EU: Response to music is informed by analyzing context (social, cultural, and historical) and how creators and performers manipulate the elements of music.
    EQ: How does understanding the structure and context of music inform a response?

    Skills Examples

    • Using movement, manipulatives, or visual representation, demonstrate and describe how specific music concepts are used to support a specific purpose in music (such as different sections, selected orchestral, band, folk, or ethnic instruments).
    • Express melodic contour through movement.
    Reading/ Writing
    • When analyzing selected music, read and perform rhythmic patterns and/or melodic phrases with voice, body percussion, and/or instruments, using iconic or standard notation.
    • Develop criteria and use them to critique their own performances and the performances of others.
    Responding/ Evaluating
    • Identify and respond to simple music forms (e.g., AB, ABA).
    • Identify elements of music using appropriate vocabulary.

    Anchor Standards

    Anchor Standard 8: Interpret intent and meaning in artistic work.
    Link to Resource

    CR Resource Type

    Learning Activity

    Resource Provider


    Resource Provider other

    Cleveland Orchestra

    License Type