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Learning Resource Type

Classroom Resource

Testing Materials to Learn About Their Properties

Subject Area





In this lesson, students will develop an understanding that objects and materials can be tested to learn about their properties. Students will help plan and conduct different tests on the materials. Students will be able to explain that when testing materials to learn about their properties, all the materials need to be tested in the same way.

Students test a piece of aluminum foil, plastic from a zip-closing plastic bag, and copier paper to learn about some of their properties. Students conduct tests on the materials and then help design a strength test. The point is stressed that for a good, fair test each material needs to be tested in the same way. A simulation is shown that emphasizes the point that the different properties of materials are good for different uses.

    Science (2015) Grade(s): 2


    Collect and evaluate data to determine appropriate uses of materials based on their properties (e.g., strength, flexibility, hardness, texture, absorbency).*

    Unpacked Content



    • Evaluate
    • Data
    • Graphs
    • Properties
    • Purpose
    • Strength
    • Flexibility
    • Hardness
    • Texture
    • Absorbency
    • Collect
    • Appropriate


    Students know:
    • Properties of materials (e.g., strength, flexibility, hardness, texture, absorbency) Different uses for the materials.
    • The relationship between properties of materials and some potential uses (metal is strong, paper is absorbent, etc.).


    Students are able to:
    • Conduct simple tests to collect and display data about the physical properties of various materials.
    • Analyze data to identify and describe relationships between properties and their potential uses.


    Students understand that:
    • Simple tests can be designed to gather evidence about the relationship between properties of materials and their intended uses.

    Scientific and Engineering Practices

    Analyzing and Interpreting Data

    Crosscutting Concepts

    Cause and Effect
    Link to Resource

    CR Resource Type

    Lesson/Unit Plan

    Resource Provider


    Resource Provider other

    American Chemical Society

    License Type